Status:     Endorsed by the 1st University Council Meeting in February 2004

1          Code of Conduct and Ethics

1.1       Introduction

1.1.1 The Royal University of Bhutan in its pursuit for academic excellence in teaching, learning and research, pledge to foster a culture of trust, respect, integrity and fairness; co-operation and collegiality; and accountability for decisions and outcomes.

1.1.2  The Council of the Royal University of Bhutan is constituted under the Royal Charter (2003) of the Royal University of Bhutan and is the ultimate body responsible for the key policies, strategic plans and overall performance of the University.

1.1.3  Members of the Council, by virtue of their offices, are required to carry out their duties and responsibilities to the University and the society with good faith, honesty, skill, care and diligence.

1.2      Purpose

1.2.1  This Code of Conduct and Ethics for the Council of the Royal University of Bhutan provides an ethical framework for actions and behaviour of the members, in the context of their duties and responsibilities under the law. This should be read along with the Royal Charter and the Statutes.

1.3      Duties and Responsibilities

1.3.1    All  members of  the Council  have a  duty to act at all times  with trust  and to serve in the best interest of the University.  No member should override their duty for personal interest and advantage over the interest of the University.

1.3.2   All members must act honestly in performing their duties, with reasonable skill, in good faith and in the interest of the University. This requirement to act honestly is imposed for the public interest and to which the University is committed.

1.3.3   All members are responsible for exercising care and diligence when using their powers and discharging their duties as the actions and decisions have the potential to affect the lives of individuals. Members who ignore their responsibilities are in breach of their duty.

1.3.4     All members in accordance with the Council’s policies owe a duty of confidentiality to the University.  Any member with a personal interest must disclose this in accordance with the Standing Orders section 10. 

1.3.5    All  members  must  act in the best  interest of the  University and must not engage in activities that would bring the University into disrepute. The reputation of the University must be protected to maintain a high level of integrity.

1.3.6    All members of the Council have the commitment  to serve in the best interest of the University and any problems/issues are open to discussions within the Council meetings. Outside of the meeting, all members must be united and fully supportive of decisions made by the Council.

1.3.7   Public comments on behalf of the Council, concerning matters discussed or resolved by the Council shall be made by the Chairman or his/her representative and not by any other members of the Council.

1.3.8  The  Council  will review its performance on an annual basis to ensure its responsibility for good governance of the University. 

2         Standing Orders

2.1      Holding of meetings

2.1.1      An  ordinary meeting of the Council is to be held not fewer than 4 times in each calendar year. 

2.1.2    A  special meeting may be convened for the consideration of any urgent business by the Chairman or in his/her absence by the Vice Chancellor.

2.1.3     A special meeting shall be convened by the Secretary to the Council and shall be held within 14 days of the request.

2.1.4   Notice of the time and place of the meeting of the Council, and a copy of the business papers are to be delivered to each Council member at least 7 days prior to the meeting.

2.1.5    A member  of the Council must not initiate any matter for discussion or move any motion in respect of the matter, at a meeting of the Council unless the Secretary of the Council is informed in writing not less than 14 days before the meeting.

2.1.6     Proceedings of the meeting of the Council are to be taken to be validly conducted.

2.2      Motions

2.2.1     The Chair has discretion regarding the acceptance of motions.

2.2.2      All notices of motion accepted by the Chair shall appear on the business paper for the meeting concerned.

2.2.3      A motion by which notice has been given, must be seconded before there can be any discussion.

2.2.4      A point of order accepted by the Chair takes precedence over all other discussion.

2.2.5      Amendments shall be considered prior to a vote on the substantive motion.

2.3      Voting

A motion shall be declared carried if it receives a simple majority of votes cast. In the event of a tie, the Chair has a right to casting vote. If the Chair declines to exercise a casting vote, the motion lapses.

2.4       Decisions 

Decisions of the Council shall be made on the result of a vote on:

2.4.1     a motion prior notice of which has been given on the business paper or

2.4.2     a formally proposed and seconded motion arising from the business of the meeting

2.5       Right to address the Chair

2.5.1    Prior to the closure of a debate a right of reply shall be allowed only to a mover of a substantive motion or amendment and such reply shall close the relevant debate.

2.5.2      At the discretion of the Chair a speaker may be asked to yield the floor on a point of information.

2.6      Contribution by invitees

2.6.1   Persons can be invited to the University Council meeting by the secretariat based on their expertise and relevance to the discussion.

2.6.2     At a meeting of the Council, a person who is not a member of the Council may contribute to an item on the Agenda only if invited to do so by the Chair by a resolution of the majority of the members present at that meeting.

2.7      Quorum

2.7.1     A majority of the total number of members for the time being of the Council constitute a quorum.

2.7.2    If, at any meeting of the Council, a quorum is not present, all business that should have been transacted at the meeting shall be stood over until the next meeting, and shall take precedence at that meeting.

2.7.3     The forum shall constitute a minimum of 12 members out of the total number of members (19).

2.8      Confidential matters

2.8.1  Distribution of the Confidential Agenda shall be restricted to members of the Council and the Secretary. The Council may permit whoever else it considers necessary to be present at meetings during the consideration of confidential matters.

2.9      Agenda items

2.9.1     Notice of items for discussion shall be conveyed by letter to the Secretary 14 days before a meeting.

2.9.2  The agenda for each meeting shall include an item “Question Time/Any Other Matter”. Under this item Council members may direct questions with or without notice through the Chair to the Vice Chancellor or the university representative. The Chair shall have absolute discretion in determining whether or not the questions will be accepted.

2.9.3   If the member of Council to whom a question –without –notice is directed is unable to provide an answer either at the meeting or before the next meeting the question shall be included as a question – with - notice in the business papers for the next meeting.

2.10       Disclosure of interest                

2.10.1  At any meeting of the Council where an item to be discussed has the direct personal interest or involvement of a member must immediately be declared by the member. The Council must thereupon determine whether or not that member may be present during any discussion of the item.   The member shall not vote on the item.

2.11       Suspension of standing orders

2.11.1    In exceptional circumstances the Chair may move the suspension of standing   orders.

2.11.2   A resolution of the suspension of a standing order shall require a two-thirds majority of the members present.

2.12       Attendance          

2.12.1    All members of the Council are expected to attend all the Council meetings.  In case of any member not able to attend a meeting, the secretariat must be informed in writing not later than five days prior to the meeting.


The Statutes of the University set out the powers of the University Council to be as follows:

       The Academic provision of the University

1.1      To award  degrees, diplomas and certificates to all students who have registered with the University and have fulfilled the requirements set down by the University for that award; and to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of the overall planning, co-ordination, development and supervision of the academic work of the institution, and of the quality and academic standard of the educational provision offered in the name of the University. 

The Council shall fulfill this function by delegating responsibility to the Academic Board of the University.

1.2      To consider proposals from the Academic Board for the introduction of, or discontinuance of any degree, diploma or certificate programme.

1.3     To  determine  the procedures and rules for the election of members to the Academic Board other than those holding membership ex officio and to set out the responsibilities of members and standing orders for the operation of the meetings of the Academic Board.

1.4   To consider recommendations from the Academic Board for the establishment of Committees of the Academic Board or joint Committees of the Council and the Academic Board.

1.5        To grant Honorary awards on the recommendation of the Academic Board.

2        Powers and responsibilities of the Academic Board

The Statutes of the University set out the powers and responsibilities of the Academic Board to be as follows:

2.1    The Academic Board will exercise the functions delegated by the Council under the provisions of these Statutes.

2.2    It is the primary  academic  authority of the  University  and  shall be  responsible for academic affairs, including academic standards, research, scholarship, teaching and courses at the University, subject to the overall responsibilities of the Council and of the Vice-Chancellor.

3        Functions of the Academic Board

The primary functions that fall within the remit of the Academic Board include the following: 

3.1     determining the award structure of the University

3.2     programmes

3.3     library and IT provision within the University

3.4     quality of programmes

3.5     assessment and examinations

3.6     admission and registration of Students

3.7     resources and planning

3.8     student support systems

3.9     programme operation and management                       

3.10   research

3.11   research degrees

3.12   scholarships    

4        Role of the Academic Board in Considering Assessment Results

4.1   The Academic  Board has the final authority to grant awards of the University to students who have satisfactorily fulfilled all the requirements specified for the granting of such awards. The mechanism whereby it exercises this authority is in ratifying the decisions made by the Board of Examiners on the performance of students registered on programmes leading to awards of the University.

4.2     The Academic Board shall:

4.2.1  Ratify, or exceptionally refer back, decisions from Boards of Examiners on the award to be granted to each student on completion of the programme.

4.2.2  Consider  any  individual  cases  where  there  are   significant   disagreements   within  the   Board   of Examiners.

4.2.3   Be able to, but shall not normally, consider the grades or progression of individual students.

4.3    The focus of the Academic  Board's consideration of the results will be on special  cases and on overall programmes rather than on individual students.  It should pay particular attention to the consistency of practice across the University (whereas the emphasis in Boards of Examiners will be on consistency of judgement across all the students in a given programme); and should make decisions in the light of the University’s general assessment policy and regulations, standards and good practice established in the University and elsewhere.


4.4    The Academic Board may advise Boards of Examiners on future conduct in the light of the information available.

4.5   Revised or re-considered recommendations from Boards of Examiners may be dealt with, by a special meeting of the Academic Board with membership agreed by the full meeting of the Academic Board where the decision to refer the recommendations back was taken.

4.6     The Academic Board shall be given such information as is necessary to fulfill its functions.


Status:     Approved by the 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004

1         Ordinary Meetings

1.1    A  minimum of three ordinary meetings of the Academic Board shall be held each year at such day and such time as the Academic Board shall determine. The dates of meetings shall be circulated before the end of the preceding semester. 

1.2    The frequency of the meetings will be revised in future by the Board based on the programme need and demand by the University. 

1.3     These meetings shall be held three weeks prior to the University Council Meeting, to allow for the decision of the Board to proceed to the University Council.

2         Ordinary Business

2.1     The ordinary business of the Academic Board shall be composed of such items as are deemed necessary by the Academic Board to fulfill its statutory functions.

3         Extraordinary Meetings

3.1     Extraordinary meetings may be called on the instructions of the Convener or on a  requisition signed by not less than six members. Such meetings shall require a minimum notice of ten working days.

4         Chair

4.1     The Vice  Chancellor will normally convene and chair the meetings of the Academic Board but may, with the approval of the Academic Board, delegate this to another member of the Academic Board either for specific meetings or for longer. 

5         Quorum

5.1   The  quorum  shall be one half of the members.  In the absence of a quorum, no business shall be transacted.

5.2    If within half-an-hour from the time appointed for a meeting a quorum is not present, the Chair, or in the Chair’s absence the Secretary, or a member of the administrative staff nominated by the Secretary, shall adjourn the meeting to the same day in the next week, at the same time and place, or to such other day and at such other time and place as the members who are present may determine.

5.3     At the adjourned meeting the business for which the original meeting was convened may be completed in the absence of a quorum.

6         Notice of Meetings

6.1    The  Secretary to the Academic  Board  shall  issue  to  members  notices of ordinary  meetings  of the Academic Board at least fourteen days before the day of the meeting, specifying the time, place, day and hour of the meeting and the business to be considered.  The notice shall be issued in electronic format and in hard copy.

6.2     Where such notice is not given, the meeting may only proceed after the suspension of standing orders.

7         Agenda

7.1     The Secretary shall draw up the agenda in consultation with the Chair, except in the case of Extraordinary meetings, and shall circulate a written agenda to all members at least fourteen days before the due date of the meeting.

7.2   Any member of the Academic Board may propose items for the agenda of Ordinary meetings of the Academic Board or one of its committees by writing to the Secretary at least twenty-one days before the due date of the meeting.  The Secretary shall decide whether or not the items should be placed on the agenda.

7.3     No business shall be taken that does not appear on the agenda.

7.4    The agenda may include items of reserved business that will not be discussed in the presence of student members or observers.

7.5   Meetings will be scheduled for duration of three hours, may extend beyond this period, but should not exceed six hours. They may be preceded by informal meetings and discussions.

8         Order of business

8.1    The  agenda  of ordinary meetings of the Academic Board shall commence with 'Apologies for Absence' followed by 'Determination of Other Competent Business' under which the Academic Board shall determine whether to include under 'Other Competent Business' such items as are notified for this purpose to the Secretary at least 24 hours before a meeting.

8.2     In addition, "Items for Information" will form a separate  section and will not be discussed by the Academic Board unless a member requests discussion under the item "Determination of Other Competent Business".

9        Notice of Proposals 

9.1     No proposal not directly arising out of the business to be discussed at any meeting of the Academic Board, unless with the consent of two‑thirds of the members present, shall be taken up without notice being given to the Secretary to the Academic Board at least twenty-one days before the meeting at which it is to be submitted. The Secretary to the Academic Board shall send a copy of such a proposal to every member of the Academic Board with the usual notice of the meeting at which the proposal is to be discussed.

10      Order of Voting

10.1    Where any amendment to any proposal is put forward, then voting shall take place in the following way:

10.1.1   where there is a single amendment to a proposal, the voting will take place on that amendment

10.1.2   where  there  are a series of amendments, voting will take place on each agreed amendment in turn in the order in which they have been put forward; those amendments will then be consolidated into a single proposed amendment and that single amendment will, in turn, be voted upon

10.1.3    the proposal (amended as appropriate) will then be voted upon.

11      Voting

11.1   When a vote is held, each member shall have one vote, except that the Chair shall have a deliberative and, in the event of a tie, a casting vote.  All voting shall be by simple majority.

12      Dissent from Decision

12.1   No‑one shall be entitled to enter his or her dissent from any decision, except at the meeting at which it has been passed; but any member not present may, at the next meeting have his or her dissent recorded.

13      Changing a Decision

13.1   No  proposal, nor any amendment to any such proposal, shall be moved if it involves a reconsideration of any question or proposal that has been decided or adopted by the Academic Board at any time within the preceding six months unless it is moved by the Chair; or it is signed by at least one-third of the total members of the Academic Board.

14      Papers and Minutes

14.1  Agenda, papers  and minutes, apart from reserved areas of business (where the circulation is more restricted) are circulated to all Academic Board members.  They are not intended for public scrutiny prior to their discussion at the Board. 

14.2   Minutes of a meeting of the Academic  Board shall normally be published within fourteen working days.  The minutes shall be sent to members prior to, or along with the notice calling the next meeting; and shall be submitted for confirmation as a correct record. 

14.3   After  they have been confirmed a record of the minutes of the Academic Board (excluding the minutes of any items of reserved business), and selected papers from the Board’s business shall be held in a manner that will allow them to be referred to by full-time members of the teaching staff and by registered students of the University, either in the form of hard copy placed in the Library or by placement on the University web site.

14.4   The Secretary shall be responsible for the preparation of the minutes.

15      Election of members by Academic Staff

15.1  Where elections to membership of the Academic Board are required, the following procedure or such alternative as is approved by the Vice-Chancellor shall be followed.  Elected members shall be elected in the following manner where notice will be issued to all those eligible to stand or to vote in that constituency, setting out the:

15.1.1  name of the appointed returning officer

15.1.2  timetable for the process including the date for return of nomination papers

15.1.3  date for issuing the list of candidates and the ballot paper

15.1.4  date and place for the submission of completed ballot papers

15.1.5  arrangements for the opening of ballot boxes and the counting of votes


16      Committees of the Academic Board

16.1  The Academic Board may from time to time set up such standing committees, 'ad hoc' committees and Working Parties, as it deems necessary. The membership and remit of these committees shall be governed by the resolutions of the Academic Board.

16.2   Any committee set up by the Academic Board shall, insofar as they are relevant, conduct their business under the same standing orders, except that the time scale for the issuing of papers for meetings shall be ten days rather than twenty-one days.

17      Interpretation, Amendment and Suspension of Standing Orders

17.1   Standing Orders shall be interpreted by the Chair, whose decision shall be final.

17.2   In case of urgency, any one or more of the Standing Orders may be suspended at any meeting, as regards any business at such meeting, provided that not less than two‑thirds of the members of the Academic Board are present and voting shall so decide.

17.3   These  Standing  Orders may be amended  by the Academic  Board  at any  meeting, provided notice has been included in the agenda for the meeting, by resolution of not less than two thirds of the members present.


Status:   The 2nd University Council Meeting in May 2004 approved the composition of the Academic Board as follows:

1              The Vice Chancellor of the University ex officio who shall be the Chairman of the Board

2              Three Pro Vice Chancellors ex officio

The two currently appointed Pro-Vice Chancellors (Academic, and Planning and Research)

Until such time as a further Pro Vice-Chancellor is appointed, the Director for Academic Affairs shall serve as a member 

3           Representatives  elected by the organisational units of the University according to a scheme approved by the Council

3.1         The Heads of the member Colleges/Institutes 

  • College of Natural Resources

  • College of Science and Technology

  • Gaeddug College of Business Studies

  • Institute of Language and Cultural Studies

  • Jigme Namgyel Polytechnic

  • National Institute of Traditional Medicine

  • Paro College of Education

  • Royal Institute of Health Sciences

  • Samtse College of Education

  • Sherubtse College



3.2      Where the PVC’s are  Heads of  Colleges/Institutes,  they will also  represent their Colleges/Institutes as heads and will not be represented separately under 3.1

3.3         The teaching and research staff of each of these Colleges/Institutes  elect one member from amongst their number.  (A total of ten members from the teaching and research staff)

3.4      Any College/Institute having at least 50 full time equivalent (fte) teaching or research staff may elect one further member of staff from amongst their number.

3.5     The mechanisms for election will be devised by each College/Institute and be subject to approval by the Vice-Chancellor.

3.6         This allocation will be reconsidered in two years time to take account of changing staff numbers.

4        One  representative  elected by each of the following  categories of  staff (i) library, (ii) support and (iii) academic service staff.

5             Two student representatives elected by and from the student body.

6             The Registrar, ex officio, who shall be the Secretary

7         Co-opted members: The University  Council is able  to  approve  up  to  three co-opted members to the Academic Board. These will be individuals identified as having skills and experience          that are of particular value to the development of the Academic Board. Their appointment will be for one year at a time and will be nominated by the Vice-Chancellor and be subject to specific approval by the Council.

8        Elections:  Until a  mechanism  for the elections  described  under 4 and 5 be established  and approved by the Council, the Vice-Chancellor will nominate for approval by the Council, candidates who will fulfil these functions.


9       Terms of Office: Members of the  Academic  Board, other  than ex officio members, shall hold office for a period of three years, renewable for a further period of three years. Members under category 5 (two students) from the College/Institute where the meeting is held will represent the University student body.


Status:       Approved by the 3rd University Council Meeting in October 2004


1         The following committees report directly to the Academic Board:


1.1         Academic Planning and Resources Committee

1.2         Programmes and Quality Committee

1.3         Research and Innovations Committee (sub-committees are Research Ethics Committee)     

1.4         Research Degrees Committee

1.5         Academic Appeals Committee

1.6         Institute Academic Committees        

1.7         Programme Boards of Examiners


2         Terms of reference common to all Academic Board standing committees


2.1    To act on behalf of the Academic Board in accordance with such powers as may be delegated to it by the Academic Board.


2.2     To consider and report on such matters as may be referred to the Committee  by the Academic Board.

2.3   To establish such sub-Committees and Working Parties as are required to enable  the Committee to discharge its responsibilities.

2.4     To account formally to the Academic Board for the discharge of the Committee’s responsibility, normally by means of an annual report.

2.5     To submit minutes of meetings to the Academic Board.

2.6    To identify issues and advise the Academic  Board on the implications for resource allocation of matters within the Committee’s remit.

3       Constitution Common to all Academic Board Committees

3.1     Members are appointed by the Academic Board unless specified otherwise.

3.2     The term of office is for three years.

3.3     The Vice Chancellor is an ex-officio member of all Academic Board Committees.

3.4     The Registrar will appoint the Secretary to all Academic Board committees.

3.5    In addition to the composition set out, the Chair of the Committees may appoint two further members in each of the committees.

3.6    Given the need for the University to identify and make use of new talent, the Chair of each Committee is empowered to appoint up to three co-opted members to the Committee. These will be individuals identified as having skills and experience that are of particular value to the development of the Committee’s work. Their appointment will be for one year at a time and their names will be reported to the Academic Board.

4         Procedures common to all Academic Board committees


4.1    The procedure  followed by the  Committees  will be that of the standing  orders of the Academic Board unless specified otherwise, except that the required frequency of meetings will be determined  by each Committee on an annual basis and the circulation of papers will be ten days rather than twenty-one days before a meeting.

5         External Members

5.1      Provision shall be made for the payment of expenses for external members but not for the payment of any honorarium.


Status:   The 3rd University Council Meeting in October 2004 approved the structure of this Committee. The 7th Academic Board Meeting in April 2006 reviewed and approved the revised Terms of Reference.  The 13th Academic Board Meeting in May 2008 further reviewed and approved the revised Terms of Reference.


1        Purpose and Function

1.1     The  purpose  of this  Committee  is to review  and  integrate  academic and resource planning in support of the University’s objectives. It brings together the Vice-Chancellor’s responsibilities for the management of the University’s resources for which he is responsible to the University Council, and the responsibility of the Academic Board for the academic functions of the University.

1.2     The Committee considers and acts upon proposals for the allocation of resources.

It prepares the University’s Strategic Plan and the Annual Corporate Plan derived from it, and exercises delegated powers on behalf of the Academic Board in this matter.  Insofar as resources are concerned, all the Committees of the Academic Board are subject to the guidance of this Committee.

2        Responsibility

The Committee is responsible to:

2.1       ensure that the University is providing a range of programmes that are required by the economy and the Bhutanese society

2.2    receive  for consideration  and approval of proposals for planning a new  programme in (June and November)

2.3      study and propose the need for programme of studies that may be seen necessary and propose to be considered by the member colleges

2.4      receive from the member colleges and institutes the list of programmes that they would like to offer, and register the same

2.5        oversee the preparation of both the draft Annual Plan, and Five Year Plan of the University for submission to the Academic Board

2.6        invite, initiate and co-ordinate proposals for the allocation of resources of both Annual, and Five Year Plan in support of the University’s objectives

2.7       review and recommend allocation of such sums of recurrent and capital budget for equipment, buildings and other matters, as may be made available to the Academic Board (in November)

2.8    receive from member colleges and institutes human resource development plans, prioritize them and allocate funds accordingly

2.9       receive from the Academic  Board, (and co-ordinate and advise on) directives to allocate adequate funds for the  fulfillment of the conditions laid down by the validation team

Note:   The Committee shall also mobilize resources for the University

3         Frequency of Meetings

3.1     A minimum of four ordinary meetings shall be held each year.

4         Quorum

4.1     The quorum shall be one half of the members.  In the absence of a quorum, no business shall be transacted.

5         Membership

Chair:             The Vice-Chancellor



  • Director, Academic Affairs

  • Pro Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs (Planning and Research)

  • Up to four members appointed by the Vice-Chancellor

  • Two members appointed by and from the Academic Board


Convener:       Director, Planning and Resources

5.1      In addition to the composition set out, the Chair of the Committee may appoint two further members to the Committee.

5.2     Given  the need for the University to  identify new talent, the Chair of the Committee is empowered to appoint up to three co-opted members to the Committee. These will be individuals identified as having skills and experience that are of particular value to the development of the Committee’s work. Their appointment will be for one year at a time and their names will be reported to the Academic Board.

[The selection of members should provide subject balance, institutional balance and the inclusion of members with the necessary expertise on the various aspects of institutional planning]


Status:  The 3rd University Council Meeting in October 2004 approved the constitution and establishment of this Committee.

1         Purpose and Function 

1.1     In the field of Educational Development to develop and enhance educational policy and practice, and to implement such policies and procedures including:


1.1.1   curriculum development

1.1.2   teaching and learning

1.1.3   academic support for students

1.2     In the field of Quality  Assurance  to  establish policy, standards and procedures for the quality assurance of programmes leading to University awards, and to implement such policies and procedures including:

1.2.1   the approval of programmes

1.2.2   their periodic review

1.2.3   the annual monitoring  of programmes

1.2.4   approving the appointment of external examiners

1.3     In respect of Learning Resources to establish benchmarks for the level of learning resources provision, and in particular, of the level of library and IT resources required to meet the needs of academic programmes.

2.         Membership

Chair:         Pro Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs



  • Vice Chancellor

  • Director of Academic Affairs

  • Two members appointed by and from the Academic Board

  • Six members appointed by the Academic Board [These shall be members of staff with experience in the development of programmes, and preferably staff whose programmes have gained approval against external validation criteria].

  • Two external members appointed by the Academic Board from outside the University, who are able to provide an independent view, who preferably have had experience either of applying quality assurance procedures in a business environment or else have higher education experience

  • A representative of Libraries

  • A student representative [one year]

  • A representative of Information Services

  • Director of Research



Status:   The 5th Academic Board Meeting in August 2005 endorsed the operationalization of this Committee. Changes as approved by 6th RIC meeting of March 2008 have been incorporated.


1         Purpose and Function

The Research and Innovation Committee promotes research and innovation within the University and its associated professions.  It will:

1.1    formulate, for  approval by the  Academic Board, policies to promote research and innovation in the University; taking account of external research policy developments by the RGoB and other funders and also ensure implementation in accordance with the policy

1.2          identify sources of funding for research within the University

1.3          advise on the establishment of links with other universities and research bodies

1.4          make proposals for the allocation of funds in support of University research

1.5          monitor the quality of research within the University

1.6          ensure the maintenance of ethical standards in University research

1.7          provide support towards dissemination of research findings


2.        Membership


Chair:       Pro Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs or such other person as is appointed by the Academic Board



  • Vice Chancellor

  •  Director of Research (Member Secretary)

  •  One member appointed by and from the Academic Board

  • Five members appointed by the Academic Board [These shall be members of staff with experience in conducting research, preferably staff with a reputable research publication record].

  • Four external members appointed by the Academic Board from outside the University, with experience of conducting research, and preferably of gaining research funding

  •  A representative of Libraries

  •  Two research students

  •  Chair of the Research Ethics Sub-Committee, if there is one



Status:   The 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004 agreed to the constitution of this Committee, but agreed not to establish it at this stage. The functions of this body can be carried out by the main Research and Innovation Committee, but given the specialist expertise of members required for this function, it may be appropriate to establish it as a separate body to meet only as and when business requires it to.


1         Purpose and Function

The Sub-Committee shall be responsible to ensure that research conducted in the University complies with appropriate ethical standards.  In particular the Sub-Committee shall: 

1.1          determine the ethical propriety of such research projects as are submitted to it

1.2          provide advice to researchers and supervisors on the ethical propriety of their research

1.3          review on a regular basis, the University’s Guidelines on research Ethics

1.4          submit an annual report to the Research and Innovation Committee


2         Membership


Chair:    Appointed by the Vice Chancellor on the advice of the Chair of the Research and Innovation Committee.



  • Three members appointed by and from the Research and Innovation Committee

  • Four external members appointed by the Academic Board from outside of the University, with experience of judging the ethical propriety of research based on an established code of practice

  •  A research student


Status:   The 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004 agreed to the constitution of this Committee, except that when the Research & Innovation and the Research Degrees Committees are constituted, consideration be given to running them together or as one Committee, at least initially.  It also agreed not to establish this Committee at this stage


1         Purpose and Function

The Committee serves as the guarantor of standards of quality in respect of the registration, progress and examination of students registered for research degrees. The Committee is responsible for the implementation and development of all academic quality assurance systems governing the registration, monitoring and examination of research degrees. In particular the Committee shall:

1.1          set policy and standards in respect to research degrees

1.2          devise a research degrees framework

1.3          approve nominations of examiners and make recommendations to the Academic Board.


2         Membership


Chair:     Pro Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs or such other person as is appointed by the Academic Board



  • Vice Chancellor

  • Director of Research

  • One member appointed by and from the Academic Board

  • Four members appointed by the Academic Board. [These shall be members of staff with experience in supervising research students, preferably to completion.]

  • Four external members appointed by the Academic Board from outside of the University, with experience of supervising research students

  • One research student

[Members will be appointed with a view to their ability to contribute to the research degree awarding process and will normally have experience of research degree supervision and examining.]


Status:   The 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004 endorsed the constitution of this Committee, but agreed to establish this Committee in future.

The 20th Academic Board Meeting in September 2010 endorsed the establishment of this Committee and its membership.

1.        Purpose and Function

1.1   The Committee may, acting under powers  delegated to it by the Academic Board, review a decision reached by a Board of Examiners:

1.1.1  to confirm the decision of the Board of Examiners, on the grounds that the evidence presented did not support the case

1.1.2   to require the Board of Examiners to reconsider the results of the assessment of the students on an entire programme or part of a programme; the reconsidered results will be referred to the Chair of the Committee to decide an appropriate course of action

1.1.3   to annul the relevant decision of the Board of Examiners  and refer the case for decision back to the Board of Examiners (the subsequent decision of the Board of Examiners will be referred to the Chair of the Committee to decide an appropriate course of action)

1.1.4  to annul the relevant decision of the Board of Examiners and assign a revised result to the student concerned

1.1.5 to make decisions on the student’s progress or award outside the University’s general assessment regulations

1.2     The Committee shall report all these cases to the Academic Board for approval.

1.3     It is not  expected that this University Committee shall be asked to deal with an appeal until all the informal and formal processes open to a student within the department and within the College/Institute where he or she has carried out his or her studies have been exhausted.

1.4    The Committee’s operation and decisions will be guided by the Wheel of the  Academic Law and in particular Paragraph 12 of D1 (Assessment Regulation)

2          Membership

Chair:               Nominated by the Chairman of the Academic Board, and appointed for a period of three years.

Vice Chair:      Appointed by and from the Academic Board, and appointed for a period of three years to act in those cases where the Chair has a direct interest.

Members        Two  regular members and four reserve members appointed by and from the Academic Board. [The Chair has the discretion to appoint a reserve member where a member has a direct interest in the case under appeal or where the member is unavoidably unable to be present.]

Ex-officio           Student representative on the Academic Board.

Secretary          Appointed by the Secretary of the Academic Board.

The current membership of the Committee as endorsed by the 20th Academic Board is as: 


Chair 1.    PVC for Programmes    & Quality [Thubten Gyatso]
Vice Chair 2.    Vice Chancellor [Dasho    Pema Thinley]
Members 3.    Singye Namgyel [Director, Sherubtse    College]
4.    Dorji Thinley    [DAA, PCE]
Reserve members 0.    Kalzang Tshering [Director, SCE]
0.    Lopen Lungtaen Gyatso [Director,    ILCS]
0.   Tandin Chhophel [DAA, GCBS]
0.   Diki Wangmo [DAA, ILCS]
Student 5.   One of the current student rep on AB
Secretary 6.   Director (Academic Affairs)

Status:     The 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004 agreed to the constitution and immediate establishment of Institute Academic Committees in each Institute. Approved by the 3rd University Council meeting in October 2004.


1          Purpose and Function

1.1   The Academic Board may appoint an Academic Committee in each Institute to carry out those of its functions that it considers are best undertaken in that Institute.  The Academic Committee shall, in principle, be the Academic Board of the University acting in the Institute.

1.2     The purpose of the Committee is to serve as the guarantor of academic standards and quality in respect of the design, delivery, development and promotion of best practice in curricula, programmes, general educational matters and research within the Institute.  

1.3     It is responsible for implementation of the University academic quality assurance policies and procedures covering the development and the monitoring of taught programmes, learning and teaching and the academic support of students within the Institute.

2          Delegated Powers

The delegated powers shall also normally include the following, but it is for Academic Board on an individual basis to determine these:

2.1       Students

2.1.1      Admit and register students, on behalf of the University, on programmes leading to a University award.

2.1.2      Monitor the recruitment, admission and progress of students within the Institute.

2.1.3      Undertake the supervision, discipline, care and support of students at the College/Institute.


2.2       Programmes

2.2.1   Take full responsibility for all programmes not leading to University awards.

2.2.2   Manage programmes leading to University awards.

2.2.3  Undertake  the  annual  monitoring of all  degree  programmes  and  all  other  programmes leading to University awards.

2.2.4   Receive, consider and take appropriate action on Annual Programme reports, and report the outcome of that deliberation to the Academic Board.

2.2.5      Approve minor changes to University programmes.

2.2.6      Ensure the proper conduct of Boards of Examiners in line with established procedures.


2.3       Planning and Staff Development

2.3.1     Contribute to the preparation of the College/Institute’s annual development plans including the introduction of new programmes.

2.3.2      Prepare and submit annual Human Resource Development plans to the Academic Board.


2.4       Research

2.4.1     Foster research in the areas for which the Institute has a direct interest, amongst the staff of the Institute and in conjunction with staff from other Institutes and outside the University.

2.5       Reporting

2.5.1  The Committee shall report bi-annually to the Academic Board.  Copies of all its papers and minutes shall be held in the University Office and shall be available to all members of the Academic Board.

3          Membership

The constitution and composition of the Academic Committee shall reflect that of the University Academic Board, except that the Head of the College/Institute need not be the Chair of the Academic Committee.  It shall include elected staff representatives, elected student representatives and representatives of other groups of staff, and may include an external member.  The Academic Board shall approve the constitution.


Status:  The 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004 agreed to these terms of reference, and to the establishment of Programme Boards of Examiners in each College/Institute as and when programmes are adopted or approved to lead to an award of the University.   

Approved by the 3rd University Council Meeting in October 2004. 

1        Purpose and Function 

1.1      The Academic Board shall appoint a Programme Board of Examiners for each programme leading to an award of the University.   The Programme Board of Examiners for programmes leading to an undergraduate degree (including any nested diplomas) and for all post-graduate awards shall be accountable to the Academic Board. 

1.2       The Board of Examiners for any other programme leading to an award of the University and for all awards not leading to a University award shall be accountable to the Academic Committee of the Institute. 

1.3     Each Board of Examiners is responsible for making:

1.3.1   an assessment of each student on each module assessed

1.3.2   an  overall assessment of each student's performance and a decision on progression at each intermediate stage of the programme

1.3.3  a decision on the award to be granted to each student on completion of, or decision to exit from the programme 

1.4   These decisions are made by the full Board of Examiners in the light of the standards of student achievement appropriate to the particular level of the programme and to the award to which the programme is designed to lead, the aims of the programme, the performance on the programme in previous years, the University's general assessment regulations, the specific programme regulations, and good practice established in the University and elsewhere. The decision by the Board of Examiners is a corporate decision made by the full Board.  The Internal Examiner(s) for a particular module is only one member of a full Board making a decision on student performance on that module.

1.5    Boards of Examiners are bound by the University general assessment regulations and by the specific regulations for the programme.  On occasions the Board may decide that it needs to step outside these regulations in order to do academic justice. Such cases will be forwarded to the Academic Board (or to the Institute Academic Committee as appropriate) with an explanation of the action and the reason for it. 

1.6    Decisions by the Board of Examiners are ratified by the Academic Board (or by the Institute Academic Committee as appropriate), which may, on occasion, refer the decisions back to the Board of Examiners for further consideration and explanation. In exceptional cases the Academic Board may overturn a decision by a Board of Examiners.

1.7    Students shall be formally notified of decisions affecting them after the Academic Board (or the Institute Academic Committee as appropriate) has ratified these decisions. In any prior communication of results to students it shall be clearly indicated that they are subject to formal ratification. 

2         Membership


Chair:          A senior member of staff cognisant of the programme but not closely involved in it. 



  • All members of staff with assigned responsibility for the assessment of those components of the programme.  This need not necessarily be all staff teaching on the programme.

  • Programme Leader.

  • External examiners in cases where these are appointed by the Academic Board.


Status:  The 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004 approved the adoption of academic credit and credit framework for awards and recommended the adoption of a standard module.

1         Introduction 

1.1    The University is adopting a standard terminology of academic terms, a standard measure of academic value (the credit) and it intends in time to adopt a definition of level.  The benefit of having such definitions and structure is that it will provide a common terminology whereby the academic programmes may be discussed and understood across the Institutes of the University, and it can facilitate the common use of teaching materials.

2        A Unit of Academic Credit [A credit] 

2.1    A unit of academic credit or a credit is a measure of ‘how much’.  How much material has been covered, how much effort has the student expended in covering the material, how much content has been covered; it is a measure of academic volume.

2.2    In  the  University’s  programmes a unit of academic credit shall consist of 10 hours of notional student effort.  At undergraduate level it is expected that the average competent well-prepared and diligent student will spend on average 1200 hours per academic year in study. This corresponds to saying that in a year, it is to be expected that a student will be able to complete academic studies to the equivalent of 120 academic credits.  In summary: 


  • A unit of academic credit = 10 hrs of notional student effort

  • A full time undergraduate year = 120 academic credits


3          Levels 

3.1   The University plans to introduce definitions of level that will seek to identify the expected levels of intellectual and academic development corresponding approximately to what are now seen as first, second and third year of a degree programme.  These definitions will be developed later.

4        Credit Framework for Awards


4.1     Introduction

4.1.1  The University offers undergraduate programmes leading to awards at three levels: Diploma, Degree and Honours Degree.  A programme may be designed to lead to one of these awards or to all of them.

4.2     The Diploma

4.2.1  The Diploma may be an interim award in a degree programme.  In this case, the programme must serve two purposes, to prepare diploma graduates for employment, and to fit them to progress to the award of a degree.  The Diploma may also be the award for an entirely free standing programme unrelated to a degree programme, in which case the programme can be designed wholly for the very specific employment or skills based target. All Diploma programmes of the university should be based on an entrance level of class XII.

4.2.2  The diploma programme will consist of at least 240 credits; at least 100 shall be at second year level. 

4.2.3  The diploma programme will normally be taken over two years of full time study or more, if there are more than 240 credits.

4.3     The Degree 

4.3.1  The degree programme is intended to provide a grounding in some coherent body of knowledge, a broad coverage of the related academic skill, personal development, social skills and literacy. 

4.3.2  The degree programme will consist of at least 360 credits; at least 90 shall be at third year level.             

4.3.3  The degree programme will normally be taken over three years of full time study or more, if it consists of more than 360 credits.  Placements do not necessarily count towards this time.       

4.4     Honours degree

4.4.1 The Honours degree will normally develop the subject matter from the Degree to a higher level, shall include a significant project, shall emphasise students’ self study and shall prepare the students for postgraduate study.         

4.4.2  The Honours degree programme will consist of at least 480 credits; at least 90 shall be at fourth year level.

4.4.3  The Honours degree programme will normally be taken over four years of full time study.          

4.5      Post graduate Certificate

4.5.1 The Postgraduate Certificate programme shall consist of at least 60 credits all at post-graduate level.                               

4.6     Post-graduate Diploma

4.6.1  The Postgraduate Diploma programme shall consist of 120 credits all at post-graduate level.

4.6.2  The Postgraduate Diploma will normally consist of one academic year of full-time study (or the equivalent amount achieved through part-time study); at a post–graduate level starting from a level defined by an honours degree, but this level can be achieved through work experience, especially if the postgraduate diploma is focused on employment related skills. 

4.7     Taught Masters Degree

4.7.1  The Masters degree programme shall consist of 180 credits all at post-graduate level. 

4.7.2  The Masters degree programme will normally last 1.5 to 2 years by full time study or 3 years by part time study.

4.7.3  The taught postgraduate programmes leading to the award of a Masters degree will normally consist of a full academic year (or two years part-time study) of taught components that will lead to the award of a Post graduate Diploma, followed by a thesis which may take from 3 to 12 months, depending on the circumstances and the nature of the subject.  The purposes for which Masters programmes may be designed are various and can include vocational purposes as well as purely academic ones. 

4.8     Research programmes

4.8.1  Research programmes will not be credit rated. 

4.8.2  An MPhil programme will normally take about two years full time.

4.8.3  A PhD  programme will normally take over three years full time study, if commenced without a Masters degree it will take longer.

Table 1:  Awards, Credits and Years of Study for most full time taught programmes


Year of Study (full time)

Masters degree
Postgrad  Year 2

Postgraduate Diploma
Postgrad Year 1

Postgraduate Certificate
Postgrad year 1

Honours degree
Year 4

Year 3

Year 2

Year 1


       The Module         

5.1    For  simplicity  and consistency of nomenclature the term module is used to describe a unit of curricular study that has an identifiable set of aims, specified pre-requisite knowledge, curriculum and assessment. This is commonly called, subject, unit, component or course. The University will use the single term module for this purpose.

6        The RUB Standard Module and the Modular Framework

6.1   The RUB standard module will consist of 12 academic  credits at the undergraduate level, i.e. the equivalent of 120 hours of student effort and 15 academic credits at the postgraduate level (equivalent to 150 hours of student effort).  The benefit of having a standard is that it will: 

6.1.1  provide a common  terminology whereby the academic programmes may be discussed and understood across the Institutes of the University

6.1.2   facilitate the use of common modules across different programmes

6.1.3   allow greater flexibility in programme design

6.1.4   allow  greater student choice from across the range of the University’s subject provision

6.1.5   allow a more rational use of resources

6.2    This corresponds to an expectation of 10 standard modules per year for a full time student. This is of a size that can provide sufficient internal cohesion and academic validity to justify its independent assessment and credit rating. Anything much less may lack its own inherent structure of knowledge.  

6.3    Programmes should, as far as possible, be constructed of standard RUB modules, or of double, triple or quadruple standard modules, offered across one or two semesters.


Status:    Adopted by the 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004 and amended by the 23rd Academic Board meeting in September 2011 by adding paragraph [1.4]

1          Available Awards

1.1    The  University, under powers conferred by the King and Council and as set out in the Royal Charter is empowered to confer awards.

1.1     The periods of study, assessment and other conditions attached to the award of degrees, diplomas and certificates, awards and distinctions shall be prescribed by regulation and approved by the Academic Board.

1.2         The awards of the University are as follows:

1.3.1     Undergraduate[1]


  • Bachelor of Science          BSc to cover all programmes in the general area of Science

  • Bachelor of Education       BEd to cover all programmes in the general area of education

  • Bachelor of Engineering    BE to cover all programmes in the general area of Engineering

  • Bachelor of Arts                 BA to cover all other programmes

  • Diploma                             Dip to cover all diploma programmes irrespective of subject

1.3.2      Taught Postgraduate


  • Postgraduate Diploma         Pg Dip

  • Postgraduate certificate       PG Cert

  • Master of Arts                       MA

  • Master of Science                 MSc

  • Master of Education              MEd

1.3.3      Postgraduate Research
  • Doctor of Philosophy             PhD

  • Master of Philosophy             MPhil

1.4   However, the University will consider other nomenclature for awards which does not fit in the above categories but are more widely used and understood around the world.

1.5    The awards of the University shall not be classified. If an indication of the student’s final performance is required this shall be indicated as a percentage.

1.6    The University has the powers to award Honorary Degrees and other Honorary Awards. The procedures and criteria for these are dealt with elsewhere.

2        Titles of Awards and Programmes

2.1     The full title of an award of the University for a taught programme shall include the award designation and also the subject designation as illustrated in the following examples.

            Designation                   Full title


  • BSc                              Bachelor of Science In Biological Sciences                    

  • MA                                Master of Arts in English                                                    

  • BE                                Bachelor of Engineering in Electronic Engineering         

  • Pg Dip                          Post-graduate Diploma in Health                                     

  • BA (Hons)                     Bachelor of Arts with Honours in Geography

2.1     The  title of the programme  follows that of the award except that when a programme leads to nested awards eg Dip HE, BA, BA (Hons) in which attainment of the more advanced award implies satisfaction of the less advanced award, the programme title will refer only to the more advanced award.

2.2         The full title of a research award shall include the award designation only


  • PhD                              Doctor of Philosophy                                                          

  • MPhil                            Master of Philosophy                                                                              

3         Conditions of Award


3.1      The award will be conferred when the following conditions are satisfied:

3.1.1    the candidate was a registered student at the time of the assessment for an award

3.1.2  the candidate has completed a programme approved by the University as leading to the award being recommended

3.1.3  the award has been recommended by a Board of Examiners convened, constituted and acting under regulations approved by the Academic Board.


4        Conferment of Awards

4.1    Conferment is the formal  ratification by the Academic  Board of the  decisions  made by the approved Board of Examiners.

4.2     Lists of candidates on whom awards are to be conferred will be signed by the Chair and Secretary of the Board of Examiners and will be published subject to the Academic Board's ratification.

4.3     The  graduation  ceremony is an annual  ceremonial  celebration of the conferment  of the  award.  It itself does not constitute the award, and attendance at the ceremony is not necessary for graduation. The location(s) of the graduation ceremony will be determined to suit the graduands involved.

5       The Award Document

The award document shall record:



5.1     the shield and name of the University, possibly in the form of a seal

5.2     the campus where the final stage of the award was taken

5.3     the student's name as given in the registration roll and on the list of recommendations submitted by the approved Board of Examiners

5.4      the award

5.5      the date

5.6      the award document shall bear the signature of the Vice-Chancellor


6        Programmes not leading to University awards

6.1    The University and its constituent Colleges/Institutes offer a number of programmes that do not lead to University awards.  Where these lead to the awards of other regulatory bodies those bodies will determine the conditions for the awards.  For these programmes the Institutes will be expected to fulfill the normal standards and obligations of quality of delivery associated with the University.

6.2    Where  the  programme does not led to a University award the College/Institute offering the programme may issue certificates of study, certificates of attendance or awards of the Institute itself. These must:

6.2.1      identify the subject area or title of the programme followed

6.2.2      the student’s name

6.2.3      the name of the campus offering the programme

6.2.4      give clear indication that this is not an award of the Royal University of Bhutan

6.2.5      be in a form approved by the Registrar of the University


7        The Student Transcript

7.1     The student’s academic transcript shall specify:

1.1.1      the student’ name and registration number

1.1.2      the name and shield of the University

7.2       For each module passed:

7.2.1       the title of the module

7.2.2       the credit points, and the level (if defined)

7.2.3       the year and semester in which most recently taken

7.2.4       the mark most recently obtained

7.2.5       the campus at which the module was studied

7.2.6       the language of assessment

7.3    The transcript shall be issued on the authority of the University Registrar. [The exercise of this authority may be delegated to Colleges/Institutes.]

8        Posthumous Awards

8.1    Any award listed may be conferred posthumously and accepted on a student's behalf by an appropriate individual. The normal conditions of award must be satisfied, or if varied the variation must be approved by the Academic Board.

[1] No award has been established for all possible programmes in the general area of Business and Management, but the University is prepared to consider proposals for such a single such award.


1        A Common Structure

1.1    The University wishes to establish a more consistent structure of the Academic Year across the University to include:

1.1.1  a semester structure within the academic year with two semesters each of at least 15 teaching weeks and 2 examination weeks

1.1.2   an assessment timetable allowing student assessment at the end of each semester 

1.1.3   the possibility of Colleges/Institutes being able to organise a winter semester for activities such as a winter school


1.2      Such a common structure will facilitate:

1.2.1     partnership in teaching, research and professional development

1.2.2    a  sense  of  unity in  the  University,  e.g. all students will start at the same time, and will help to prevent any grievances arising from students studying for different periods in the year

1.2.3   meaningful collaboration amongst all the Colleges/Institutes of the University, including the opportunity for staff to meet together at times when they are all free from specific teaching duties

1.2.4   joint  development  of  programmes  and of  teaching  material that  can be used in different  Institutes  either as distance learning material, or else as material designed for use in different sites

1.2.5   improved student choice of programmes, and even the possibility of student movement between sites to allow a wider choice of programmes

1.2.6     the joint use and sharing of resources

1.2.7   the application by class XII graduates to all the University programmes for which they are eligible, on a single occasion


2         Semester Assessment


2.1      The assessment of programmes at the end of each semester will provide for:

2.1.1 a better management of the students’ progress with more regular assessment of their  progress and  therefore more opportunity for the students and staff to know how students are progressing

2.1.2   a closer relationship between the teaching of a subject and its assessment

2.1.3  a  better delivery of teaching in which the structure of material and intellectual development is more clearly set out

2.1.4   a more orderly management of the overall programme

2.1.5  a more flexible programme than the year-long approach, thus allowing for programmes of shorter duration suitable for continuing professional development and lifelong learning. This will grow in importance to meet the demands of the changing employment market for new skills and for professionals to upgrade their skills at regular intervals and develop new competencies.



3          Winter School

3.1    Whilst the normal academic year addresses the needs of regular full-time students, the winter school will allow activities such as the following to be pursued: 

3.1.1    curriculum review and development

3.1.2    professional development

3.1.3    research and Consultancy

3.1.4    short term training

3.1.5    outreach and community-based activities

3.1.6    winter school for specialised target student constituencies e.g. overseas academics or students

3.1.7    some modules may be offered to help students clear pre-requisites

3.2       A common time when these activities are conducted will allow collaboration amongst the Institutes and the better promotion of these activities within and outside the country.


The 3rd Academic Board Meeting in February 2005 agreed that:


  • The Colleges/Institutes should work towards a uniform two semester academic year structure with a minimum of 15 weeks of teaching per semester excluding planning, examinations, evaluations and result preparation.

  • The  Colleges/Institutes should work  towards a common starting academic year in the spring and or autumn.

  • Each  lecturer  across  the  Colleges/Institutes will be entitled to a total of 60 days of holidays in a year (30 per semester). However, lecturers in Sherubtse College will maintain the status quo until the programmes of Delhi University are fully phased out.  (RCSC will be consulted on the decision for the duration of holidays). Colleges/Institutes should work out the schedules and the time required for academic planning, examinations, evaluation and result preparation).

  • With the introduction of new programmes, lecturers of Sherubtse College who are responsible for the new programmes of RUB will follow the RUB Academic Year structure.


Status:   Endorsed by the 2nd Academic Board Meeting in October 2004 as part of the documentation for validation of programmes

A module is defined by the sum of the following topics.  This descriptor should be used for each module mentioned in the programme definition.

1.            Title of the Module

2.            The programme or programmes of which it forms a constituent part

3.            The credit value of the module if it is part of a credit based programme

4.        The name of the member of staff with responsibility for the module, and the Institute to which he or she belongs

5.            General objective of the module

6.          Learning outcomes: These reflect changes which  have taken  place in an individual through a  learning  process; they usually include subject based outcomes (such a knowledge, comprehension, the application of knowledge) and personal outcomes (such as the ability to analyse and self reflect).  They are normally expressed in explicitly behavioural terminology allowing the student’s achievement of the specific learning outcomes to be explicitly assessed.   

7.            Skills to be developed (optional)

8.     Level  (optional): There  is an in-built  expectation that  during an academic programme,  there is development of a student’s intellectual understanding and subject knowledge; and that what is gained is not just more of the same but is more advanced, as for example set out in taxonomies of educational objectives.  There needs to be a statement of the intended level of intellectual demand of the module.

9.       Learning and teaching  approach  used: Here should  be  stated the number of  weeks, and for an average week the time spent in each teaching method e.g. 20 weeks 2hrs/wk lectures, ½ hr practical work, ½ hr demonstration. 

10.        Assessment: Here  should be stated the means whereby  the  achievement of the learning outcomes is to be assessed, giving the range of assessment methods to be used and the proportion of the marks allocated to each method.  E.g. continuous assessment 40%  including coursework (20%), project work (15%), viva (5%) end of session assessment 60% including written exam (40%), presentation (10%) viva (10%).

11.         Pre-requisite knowledge (optional):   The knowledge required of the student for entry to the module.

12.         Subject matter of the module: The curriculum, the subject matter of the module.

13.        Reading list : This should list the books, and major journals to which the student is expected to refer in the module, preferably with a library reference code to indicate where the book may be found in the library.  Books including textbooks, to which extensive reference is made and which a student is expected to possess or buy should be indicated as such.

14.         Date: The date on which the information was most recently updated.


Status:  Endorsed by the 17th Academic Board, September 2009.  All programmes leading to awards from the University shall follow this system by the spring semester of 2010.

1.              Introduction

1.1.   As the University embarks upon diversified programme planning it is important to have a common nomenclature and system that will be easily understood by users (both staff and students). This generic coding system for identification of modules will be used across the University for programmes leading to an award from the Royal University of Bhutan.

2.           Coding Description

2.1.        The coding system is based on the following principles:

2.1.1.   the identification code for each module should be unique.

2.1.2.    the classification system should be meaningful and have a degree of intelligence built into it.

  • Codes should be easy to understand, so improving their value in communication.

  • They should be intelligible to staff and students as well as those outside of the University.

2.2.          Based on the cited principles, the following coding system should be used for all RUB modules:

2.2.1.  Any module shall have a 6 character alphanumeric system in the form ABC-XYZ, where ABC (alpha) denotes the discipline and XYZ (numeric) are module identifiers. The alpha characters should not end in "I" or "O", to avoid confusion with the numeric "one" or "zero".

2.2.2.  ABC identifies the discipline associated with the module (e.g. engineering mathematics). This should represent the subject name as closely as possible. Some examples could be.           

Engineering maths

2.2.3.      XYZ, the numeric module identifiers should denote two aspects of the module: X identifies the level of the programme of which the module is a component.The level identifiers shall be assigned as follows:





Modules offered in first year of undergraduate diploma or degree


Modules offered in second year of undergraduate diploma or degree


Modules offered in third year of undergraduate diploma or degree


Modules offered in fourth year of undergraduate degree


Modules offered in first year of postgraduate certificate or diploma or masters


Modules offered in second year of postgraduate certificate or diploma or masters YZ are unique module identifiers. No two modules in a discipline should have the same two digit identifier. For example, two modules of engineering mathematics can be distinguished by EMA 201 and EMA 202. Two digits are assigned for module identification to allow for larger numbers of modules in a particular discipline to be coded.

          Some illustrative examples are:


  • EMA 201: First module on engineering mathematics taught at the undergraduate degree level.

  • ENG 214: Fourteenth module on English taught at the undergraduate degree level.

  • PSY 102: Second module on Psychology taught at the undergraduate diploma level.


3.        Implementation of the Regulation


3.1.   Suitable module codes shall be proposed by the colleges/institutes at the time of documentation for validation (adoption or approval) of a programme. Appropriateness of the codes will be verified during the validation/adoption exercise.


3.2.       For modules common to multiple colleges, the originator (college) of the module will assign a suitable code and this will be used for the module in all colleges where such modules are used.




Status:     Approved by the 1st Academic Board Meeting in July 2004.


1          Introduction

This paper sets out the general intellectual, personal and communication skills that the Academic Board considers that graduates, particularly all degree graduates of the University should possess.  Programmes leading to a degree award of the Royal University of Bhutan are expected to develop these skills in the graduates, and programmes will be expected to provide evidence that these attributes are being developed.  The demands that these attributes will make of academic staff are great and the University does not expect that the programmes currently in operation can change quickly or easily, but staff are expected to work towards the achievement of these aims.

2        General Academic, intellectual, personal and communication skills

2.1     Grounding in a discipline or in a coherent body of knowledge.  This includes:

2.1.1     an acquisition of the conceptual paradigms and frameworks relevant to the subject matter studied

2.1.2     an understanding of the major relevant theories

2.1.3     an ability to practice the appropriate methods and practical techniques

2.1.4     a suitable knowledge of the subject content

2.2    The possession of general academic skills mainly derived from subject matter identified above.  This includes such things as:

2.2.1     critical reasoning

2.2.2     analysis, evaluation

2.2.3     the handling of evidence

2.2.4     the identification of problems and their solution

2.2.5     conceptualisation 

2.2.6     synthesis 

2.2.7     creativity

2.3     An awareness of the contexts, boundaries and limits of the subject matter studied.  This includes such things as:

2.3.1     an appreciation of the limitations and provisional nature of the knowledge acquired

2.3.2     an understanding of its relationship to other fields

2.3.3   a recognition of its ethical implications and constraints, and an awareness of its social and environmental implications

2.4    The possession of self-motivated study skills and the readiness to continue learning.  This includes such things as: 

2.4.1    the ability to study independently

2.4.2  the  ability to find information independently from relevant sources, and to select appropriate ways of analysing and structuring that knowledge

2.4.3     the ability to recognise one’s own ignorance

2.4.4     the possession of an enquiring mind and

2.4.5     the recognition of the need to learn throughout life

2.5     An understanding of and ability to undertake one’s own personal development.  This includes such things as:

2.5.1     self reflection and self criticism

2.5.2     intellectual maturity and judgement, autonomy

2.5.3     a readiness to understand and respond to change

2.5.4     a capacity to challenge received wisdom and the ability to instigate change

2.6     Interpersonal skills and awareness. This includes such things as:

2.6.1    leadership

2.6.2    group working 

2.6.3 sensitivity to the views of others, an awareness of how others interpret one’s own behaviour, an appreciation of the influence of cultural differences on personal interactions

2.6.4    negotiation, relationship to clients

2.6.5    networking, the recognition or support of leadership

2.7     Communication and Presentation.  This includes such things as:

2.7.1     the ability to communicate in all modes appropriate to the matter studied

2.7.2     the ability to engage in debate in a professional manner

2.7.3     the ability to communicate technical knowledge to a lay audience

2.8     Information Literacy.   This includes such things as:

2.8.1   knowledge of, and ability to use information technology relevant to the subject studied,  information search and retrieval

2.8.2     communication tools, word processing,  etc

2.9       Personal Development and Personal Illumination.  This would include such things as:

2.9.1     a sense of service

2.9.2    a sense of moral responsibility for himself or herself, for other people, for his/her community and for the country



Status:   The specific competencies are in the process of being developed and will be considered by the Academic Board. 

The Academic Board at its meeting in July 2004 agreed that the University should establish two minimum levels of competence that it would expect all diploma and degree students to achieve at the end of the first year and at the end of the full programme in:


  • Spoken English

  • Written English

  • IT skills

  • Written Dzongkha

  • Spoken Dzongkha

The purpose of establishing required level of competence at the end of the first year is to ensure that students have the necessary literate skills to allow them to take full advantage of their subsequent studies.

The purpose of measuring the final skills of the graduate is to ensure that graduates do indeed possess those basic skills that can reasonably be expected of all university degree graduates.

These competences are intended as the absolute minimum, many programmes will greatly exceed these skills as part of their specific programme, e.g. a degree in Computer Science will reach high levels of skill in IT, and a degree in English will require levels of competence in English far in excess of the minimum which every graduate should possess. 


The culture of Bhutan is unique, but it is also changing, and the changes will come about predominantly through the activities of the educated young people of the country, i.e. the students of this University.  The University must meet its responsibility to its young people, not only to provide them with an enriching educational experience, but to provide them with an environment that will allow them to contribute to the continued enrichment, growth and development of the culture of Bhutan.


Status:  Endorsed by the 6th Academic Board Meeting in November 2005.  The revised criteria for Progression from Degree to Honours endorsed by the 18th Academic Board meeting in January 2010.

1         Introduction

The University offers undergraduate programmes leading to awards at three levels: Diploma, Degree and Honours Degree. A programme may be designed to lead to one of these awards or to all of them.  A nested programme will in two years lead to a Diploma, a further year lead to a Degree and a further year lead to an Honours Degree.

The University Council has agreed that 35% of undergraduate student numbers will be on Diploma programmes.  Given the relative duration of Diploma and Degree and Honours degree programme this means that half of the graduates will be diplomats, and half of the entrants to undergraduate programmes will enter on a Diploma programme.  The determination of this ratio is based on two factors.  First, an estimate on the needs of the nation in relation to a balance of degree and diploma graduates.  Second, it reflects an attempt to expand the access to tertiary education to a larger fraction of the population than was hitherto possible without necessarily incurring expenditure beyond the Government’s capacity to support.  The balance of 65% to 35 % is not a University academic judgement; it does NOT imply that only a fixed proportion of students are capable of proceeding to degree studies. 

The proportion of degree and diploma programmes and the proportion of students in each nested degree/diploma programme have been chosen so as to achieve this overall balance. 


Year of Study (full time)
Honours degree
Year 4
Year 3
Year 2
Year 1


2         Criteria for Progression from Diploma to Degree

The academic aptitude of a student and his or her capacity to be stretched in an Honours degree programme or even a degree programme is not best identified on the basis of school results; the best basis is performance at year 2.  Where the first two years of the programme are the same for the Degree as for the Diploma it is not appropriate to determine at the entrance to the programme whether a student should proceed to Diploma or to Degree.

The selection for progression to Degree and Honours degree study should be undertaken at the end of the second year and should be based on:

2.1    Performance at second year level. Only those students judged to have the intellectual ability and the commitment to study at degree level should be allowed to proceed. The baseline for progression is fixed at 70%.


2.2       Student choice  A student may be capable and selected to proceed to third year but may choose to leave with the Diploma qualification.


2.3      Numbers  No more  than 50%  of the  students  in  year  2 of a  programme including  a degree  and a  nested diploma may proceed to year 3   (except in some particular cases where another proportion has been approved by the Academic Board e.g. one third of students on the degree/diploma programme in Nursing are intended to proceed to the four year degree programme).


3         Criteria for Progression from Degree to Honours

Not all degree programmes will have a fourth honours year.  Where there is such provision in addition to the exit point in year three with a degree, the Honours year is intended specifically for those students who intend to proceed to postgraduate qualifications.  It can be taken immediately following year three or it can be taken after a period in employment.

The selection for progression to Honours degree study should be undertaken at the end of the third year and should be based on:

3.1     Performance at  third year level.  Only those  students  judged to have  the intellectual ability and the commitment to study at Honours degree level should be allowed to proceed. The baseline for progression is fixed at 70%.  This will be calculated based on a student’s performance in the subject to be studied at the honours level including common compulsory modules (IT, Dzongkha and English Communication skills).  The 70% will be determined by taking 20% from year one, 30% from year two and 50% from year three.


3.2      Student choice A  student may be capable  and  selected  to  proceed but may choose to leave with the award of a Degree.


3.3     Numbers No more  than 50%  of the  students  in year 3 may  proceed  to  year 4   (except in some particular cases where another proportion has been approved by the Academic Board).  The 50% will be determined from the number of students studying the subject which they are eligible to pursue at the Honours level. 


4         Other alternatives

As the University moves towards making more provision for continuing education and for a greater proportion of staff in employment to retrain, it may be that preference will be given to students who have completed a first qualification, whether diploma or degree, and have undertaken employment for one or more years; but this has yet to be decided.  It also may be that the Government may allow such students to pursue their studies in the University but outside the 65% : 35% proportion if the students pay full fees.  Whatever the circumstances, such provisions for continuing education, with direct progression- diploma to degree or degree to honours- would normally be accepted within five years from the date of graduation.


Status:        Endorsed by the 10th Academic Board Meeting in May 2007.

1        Introduction


1.1        The Framework

The RUB Postgraduate Modular Framework provides a structure to support modules and these fit together with the framework to provide a coherent programme.  The framework can support different types of body or programmes, tall specialised ones or broad strong ones, but the basic framework is the same.  The RUB Postgraduate Framework provides a cross disciplinary and cross College framework for all taught postgraduate study in the University.  It is structured to accommodate full time and part time study, academic programmes, continuing professional development and vocationally related programmes.  It accommodates specialist and multi-disciplinary programmes and it offers a wide range of choice to students in the types of programmes and the modes of study available.

The framework uses a modular, credit-accumulation approach to provide the flexibility necessary to meet the needs and demands of individual students, while providing a simple structure.

A student may choose to study for a Masters Award, a Postgraduate Diploma, or a Postgraduate Certificate.  A student who does not wish to study for a full award may join as an associate student and complete chosen modules without registering for a specific award.  The record of study is available as an academic transcript.

1.2       The Objectives of the Postgraduate Modular Framework

The development of a modular credit-accumulation structure at postgraduate level has the following objectives:

1.2.1    it allows the University  to  offer  a wide  range  of  different  programmes  including specialist and multidisciplinary programmes and short specialist programmes without the need to devise many different programmes; thus economically and flexibly fulfilling a range of community needs;

1.2.2     it facilitates the use of the expertise embodied in Colleges/Institutes and individual staff in a manner closely related to their teaching and research expertise;

1.2.3       it allows Colleges/Institutes to develop postgraduate programmes of study at a rate appropriate to their needs and ability;

1.2.4        it allows for great student choice of programme, for student-determined pace of study and in particular it allows for part-time access;

1.2.5          it facilitates the accumulation and transfer of academic credit;

1.2.6         it allows a student to  develop  further  knowledge and  skills and will prepare him or her  to  undertake     sustained independent work.

2          Standards and Aims 

2.1       The Masters Degree

2.1.1     The standard of a Masters award is determined on the basis of the demand made of the student and on the student’s response to that demand rather than on the curriculum content itself and is measured on the completion of the module and programme. The standard to be expected of a Masters award is what can be expected in one calendar year of study based on a good Honours degree as the entry requirement, but the quality of the final award is not simply dependent on the entrance qualification. 

2.1.2         On successful completion of a Masters degree award the student will be expected to be able to:    eflect critically on the relationship between theory and practice;    review evidence;    play a proactive role in the personal and professional development of self and   peers;    engage and influence others in rational and reasoned argument;  exercise  individual  and rational judgement  and  develop strategic thinking within a framework of academic and vocational accountability;    gather and analyse their own data and knowledge, through the application of relevant enquiry methods;    contribute to theoretical and/or professional innovation at personal and organisational levels;    demonstrate research competence.

2.1.3     Students will be encouraged to develop a deeper working knowledge of the key methodologies that are employed in their chosen subject area or discipline.  They should be able to evaluate critically contemporary research developments in that field.  Most importantly, students should develop the conceptual and practical skills necessary to carry out an independent research project in the form of a Masters dissertation.

2.2        Postgraduate Diploma

2.2.1    The standard expected of a Postgraduate Diploma is what can be expected in nine calendar months of study after a good Honours degree or equivalent entrance qualification.

2.2.2        The general aims of the award are:   to develop further knowledge and skills in a given area such that the student will be able to undertake sustained independent work     to facilitate the student’s self-appraisal and personal development.

2.2.3   On successful completion of a Postgraduate Diploma the student will be expected to have achieved Learning outcomes to inclusive as specified in paragraph 2.1.2.

2.3         Postgraduate Certificate

2.3.1     The  general  aim  of  the  award is to provide an introduction to a subject and to its related structure of knowledge at a postgraduate level.

2.3.2    On successful completion of a Postgraduate Certificate the student will be expected to have achieved Learning outcomes to inclusive as specified in paragraph 2.1.2.

3            Entrance Requirements and Admission

The Postgraduate framework is designed to accept as wide a range of students as possible, subject to the essential principle that there must be a reasonable expectation of completing their programme of study successfully within the normal expected duration of the programme. Associate Students will receive an academic transcript on successful completion of a module, and this can be credited towards any postgraduate award for which the student may subsequently register.

3.1       Entry Requirements

The normal entry requirement for admission to any Programme leading to an award of Masters Degree, Postgraduate Diploma or Postgraduate Certificate, shall be an Honours degree or a degree with relevant employment experience, or an equivalent qualification as determined by the Postgraduate Committee.  (See Appendix 1, paragraph 1.2). Specific entry requirements will be determined by the nature and demand of the programme under consideration.

As well as the general entry requirements for admission to the programme, each module has its own specific pre-requisites that must be fulfilled prior to registration on the module.  Students should pay particular attention to these in drawing up their programme of study to ensure that they are qualified to be admitted and to complete their intended programme of studies.

3.2       Admission Interview

The interview will seek to establish:

3.2.1  motivation and commitment (this is the prime condition for success)

3.2.2  capacity for independent learning

3.2.3 evidence of recent academic study or post qualification study (within five years); or other work to demonstrate personal and professional development

3.2.4  ability to fulfill entry requirements in each of the modules leading to his or her intended named award.

3.3       Registration

On admission students will be registered in one of two ways:

3.1.1     for a postgraduate award;

3.1.2   as an Associate Student studying a programme of one or more modules over a period of one academic year.

Certain combinations of modules may be prohibited because of overlap in material.  A student will not normally be permitted to register on a module that forms an excluded combination with another.  Where a student studies for 2 such overlapping modules, credit will be given only for one.

Students withdrawing from a module in the first three weeks will be considered neither to have registered for the module nor to have failed the module for the purposes of this regulation. 

3.4       Admission Processing    

Admission to a postgraduate programme may be approved on behalf of the University by the Head of a College or by the Convenor of the Institute Academic Committee or by the Leader of the overall University Postgraduate Committee.

Admission as an Associate student will be handled on a module-by-module basis by the College/Institute offering that module.

3.5       Credit for Previous Study

At the discretion of the Programme Committee or Institute Academic Committee, students admitted to a Postgraduate Programme may be given credit for previous postgraduate study in RUB or another equivalent programme completed not more than five years previously.  Credit may also be given for prior experiential learning, according to the procedures laid down in the Wheel of Academic Law.  Normally credit given will be specific rather than general, i.e. on a module for module basis.  The marks achieved in these earlier modules may contribute towards a student's final assessment mark.  Normally no more than half of the credit for the taught elements of a RUB postgraduate award may be gained for study outside the institution.

4          Academic Structures 

4.1       Mode of Study

The RUB postgraduate framework is designed to facilitate student choice and to allow students to pursue postgraduate study while still in employment.  It is therefore intended that the modules will be available in ways that allow part-time study, thus the modules may be offered:

4.1.1   in the evening or at week-ends, or

4.1.2   in concentrated blocks of full-time study during the winter break, or

4.1.3   in normal working hours during the week-days, or

4.1.4   by distance learning, or

4.1.5   by full time study during term time

4. 2    The Module

4.2.1 A module is a self-contained part of a programme with separate aims, pre-requisites, syllabus and assessment scheme.

4.2.2  A  postgraduate module in the Postgraduate Modular Framework comprises 15 credit points or multiples thereof. 

            [NB   the RUB postgraduate module is larger than an undergraduate module, but will usually contain fewer contact teaching hours]

4.2.3  Each module will be located in a specific College/Institute that will have the ultimate responsibility for the successful operation of the module.

4.2.4  Student  performance  on a module is assessed by programme work, formal examination or both.  The relative weighting of these components varies from module to module, and will be set out in the module descriptors and will reflect the nature and aims of the module.  Students will be informed in writing at the beginning of a module of the assessment structure, number of pieces of programme work required, and submission deadlines.

5         Programme Structures

5.1        The Basic Structure

5.1.1         The Masters Degree consists of:    eight 15 credit modules (120 M-level taught credits);    a dissertation comprising four 15 credit modules (60 M-level credits);    the equivalent of at least 45 weeks of full-time study.  the  above  three  structures could  also be supplemented and  the programme made flexible  with elements of coursework and/or research

5.1.2        The Postgraduate Diploma consists of:    eight 15 credit modules (120 M-level taught credits);    the equivalent of at least 30 weeks of full-time study. 

5.1.3     The Postgraduate Certificate consists of:   four 15 credit modules (60 M-level taught credits)

5.2        Awards

5.2.1     A postgraduate programme of study may lead either to the award of An MA, where the programme is predominantly concerned with the fields of art, design and the humanities.  An MBA, where the  programme is based predominantly  in  business  and  management and its applications.    An MSc, where the programme is predominantly in science and its applications.    An MEd, where the programme is predominantly in Education.    An ME, where the programme is predominantly engineering and technology   Pg Dip   Pg Cert


5.2.2     The full award shall  include the  title of the award  and  the subject  name eg. Master of Arts (MA) in English, or postgraduate Diploma (Pg Dip) in Electronics, except in the case of MEd where the full title shall be Master of Education.

         Students completing modules that do not  meet the requirements  for an award shall be issued with academic transcripts to record their performance in the modules they have undertaken.

6           Design and choice of Study Programmes

6.1         Design of Postgraduate programme

6.1.1      A ‘programme’ is defined as the collection of modules (and dissertation) that a student follows. Particular programmes will be designed and developed to lead to specified awards.  Each such programme will need to be approved.  The scheme refers to all the modules and programmes offered by the University in the Modular Postgraduate Framework.  The ‘framework’ refers to the regulatory framework on which the modules and programmes are constructed.

6.1.2       A programme of study can be designed for one or more of the following:  to develop  areas  of study  relevant to  the professions,employment/industrial sector or academic discipline in which the student is currently engaged;   to update the knowledge of  those engaged in a  field especially where the discipline at undergraduate level is subject to expansion or change;   to act as a re-orientation in areas new to the student or in areas not directly related to the scope of the student's first degree;    to provide an analytical in-depth treatment of an area beyond their first degree level in the same area;    to synthesise and integrate a number of disciplines or subjects;  to develop applied studies or to extend an area of study which cannot be pursued adequately at undergraduate level.

6.2      Choice of Programme

6.2.1  Within the regulations set down for the Modular Postgraduate Framework overall and the requirements for particular awards, the requirements for each particular award shall allow sufficient flexibility that the student will have a free choice of about three modules from within or from outside of the field of the postgraduate programme.  It is intended that the student will choose his/her own programme subject to the pre-requisites set out for each module.   A student's choice of dissertation is subject to the agreement of the dissertation supervisor. 

         A  student’s choice of programme must be approved by the appropriate Programme Co-ordinator; and by the Module Co-ordinator of each proposed module. 

6.2.2  Each  module  must  have  a clearly specified statement of pre-requisite knowledge, which will determine who may enter and study that module and which will also determine the structure of programmes that a student can construct.

7        Regulations for Assessment, Progression and Awards 

[These regulations must be read in conjunction with the University’s assessment regulations as set out in the Wheel of Academic Law]

7.1     The marks and descriptors for the marks will follow the University’s general assessment regulations as set out in the Wheel of Academic Law.

7.2    To pass a module a student must have registered on the module within the period of registration, have obtained an overall mark of 50% and not less than 40% in each of the prescribed assessment components.

7.3      If a student fails a module he or she may be offered a reassessment for that module.

7.4    Students who  do not  achieve the minimum  pass mark on  the dissertation may, at the discretion of the Board of Examiners be allowed to resubmit the work or to be re-assessed on it within a time limit set by the Board, on one occasion only.

7.5    The maximum period of registration for full-time students is four years and for part-time students is seven years.  A student may cease to be registered for a postgraduate award if he or she:

7.5.1  accumulates   three or  more   failures   on   any taught   module (s) whether   or not  these   have been later redeemed through re-assessment